Although we tend to argue that the world is getting worse, the truth is that countless indicative offer the opposite view, as is the case of infant mortality. Since 1990, only 25 years ago, infant mortality has been reduced by more than half according to a report made public by the World Health Organization.
In fact, the deaths of children under five have declined from 12.7 million in 1990 to 5.9 million in 2015. However, the figures are far from meeting the challenge set by the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations. Every day 16,000 children under 5 die.
He 2015 Child Mortality Levels and Trends Report, conducted by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), WHO, the World Bank Group, and the United Nations Department of Social and Economic Affairs (UNDESA), also reveals that the 45% of deaths of children under five years occur in the neonatal period (during the first 28 days of life), and that the main causes are prematurity, pneumonia, complications during childbirth, diarrhea, sepsis and malaria. In addition, almost half of these deaths are associated with malnutrition.
According Geeta Rao Gupta, Deputy Executive Director of UNICEF:
We have to recognize enormous global progress, especially since 2000, at which time many countries have tripled the mortality reduction rate of children under five.
The report highlights that the possibility of survival of a child It is very different depending on where it is born. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest death rate in children under five in the world with one for every 12 births (more than 12 times the average of one death for every 147 births in high-income countries).