NASA's next Martian rover will be provided with 23 cameras (3D and HD color), thanks to which you can create radical panoramas, reveal obstacles, study the atmosphere. Your lenses will also have a wider field of vision.
On the descent to the red planet, they will be the first to capture images of a parachute when it opens on another planet.
As he explains Justin Maki, Mars 2020 imaging scientist and deputy principal investigator of the Mastcam-Z instrument at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory:
Camera technology continues to improve. Each successive mission can use these improvements, with better performance and lower cost (…) The limiting factor in most imaging systems is the telecommunications link. The cameras are capable of acquiring much more data than can be sent to Earth.
To solve this last problem that suggests Maki, rover cameras have become "smarter," especially in data compression technology, and NASA's links on its Mars orbitals have been improved.
All these cameras will be incorporated when the Mars 2020 rover is built at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California:
- Enhanced Engineering Cameras: Color, higher resolution and wider fields of vision than Curiosity engineering cameras.
- Mastcam-Z: An improved version of the Curiosity MASTCAM with a 3: 1 zoom lens.
- SuperCam Remote Micro-Imager (RMI): The highest resolution remote image camera will have color.
- CacheCam: observe how rock samples are deposited in the rover's body.
- Entrance, descent and landing cameras: Six cameras will record the entry, descent and landing process, providing the first video of the opening of a parachute on another planet.
- Lander Vision system camera: Use computer vision to guide the landing, using a new technology called ground-related navigation.
- Skycam: A set of meteorological instruments will include a sky-oriented camera to study the clouds and the atmosphere.