Miracle diets are at our fingertips and although we hear again and again that their practice is not recommended, there are few people who are tempted to try them and may suffer different consequences. We tell you what happens in your body when you do a miracle diet to lose weight.
The characteristics of miracle diets
Miracle diets represent a risk to the human organism and the health of different people not only because they are universal and they do not meet the needs of each but also, because they have other common characteristics.
Produce a great weight loss and many times very fast, which is achieved through a strict, restricted feeding and even in the case of monodietas, based on only one food.
Perfect examples of these types of diets in which only intends to eat a food (in addition to infusions and, sometimes, coffee to calm hunger) are the pineapple diet, the grape diet or the kiwi diet. The foods on which these types of diets are based provide us with very few calories, always being below the energy needed for our body.
The consumption of only one food throughout the day and the restriction of whole groups of macronutrients (usually carbohydrates) are common characteristics to miracle diets
The elimination of whole food groups, or the prohibitions are also typical of miracle diets as well as the non-care of other life habits such as exercise or night rest are responsible for the risks involved in the practice of miracle diet to lose weight.
Some of the diets that propose the elimination of whole food groups are those known as hyperprotein diets, such as the Dukan diet, the Stillman diet or the Atkins diet: in them the consumption of carbohydrates, one of the three macronutrients that our body needs, is drastically reduced. Such restrictive regimes can lead to an unjustified fear of carbohydrate consumption and possible problems with eating behavior.
These diets, due to their great calorie restriction (with the dangers that this entails for our body), can be dangerous and it is recommended to follow them only for a very short period of time. Thus, regimes such as the famous maple syrup diet, in which it has a low energy intake, it is not recommended to continue for more than ten days. The diet of the astronaut, more recent and that does not contribute more than 500 kilocalories a day, is only recommended for two weeks.
What happens when we do a miracle diet
Given the above, we must know what we face or what happens in our body when we implement a fad diet, strict or restrictive:
Metabolism is reduced
The metabolism is the set of processes that our body carries out to keep us alive and represents a base caloric expenditure or what we call basal metabolism which is the energy that the organism requires to stay alive at rest.
By eating a miracle diet, so limited in calories and producing a sharp drop in our energy reserves because they cause a significant weight loss, the body is placed in a "saving mode" because we are genetically prepared for that and this translates into a decrease in metabolism.
According to a study published in the journal Obesity, this drop in daily caloric expenditure or metabolism persists even up to six months after completing the diet, which is why it is considered a non-minor effect and that can cause, among other things, the recovery of lost weight, because we will need fewer calories for everything.
We experience less satiety and more hunger
Due to the considerable restriction that miracle diets install, our body suffers not only by burning fewer calories than before but also, producing a hormonal alteration that involves elevation of ghrelin levels, as indicated by research published in the Venezuelan Journal of Endrocrinology and Metabolism , as well as reduction of leptin levels that have the opposite effect to the first as indicated by American scientists.
The prohibitions and the alteration of hormones that cause fad diets produce more hunger and less satiety
Ghrelin and leptin are key in regulating body weight and while the first triggers hunger and reduces satiety, leptin produces the opposite effect.
Hence, a rise in ghrelin and a decrease in leptin that comes from the hand of falling fat mass (its main site of origin) result in more hunger and less satiety which are accentuated every day with the caloric restriction imposed by the miracle diet and the sharp decrease in weight and body fat.
The organism is stressed
According to researchers at the University of California, low-calorie diets, like most miracle diets raise cortisol levels in the body which means that they produce stress.
If we think that fad diets often prevent us from sharing family meals or tasting dishes that were usually present in our diet as they fill us with prohibited foods, we can clearly experience stress and a stressed organism is an organism that does not function properly, whose health is at risk and its quality of life decreases.
Among the most frequent symptoms of stress is reluctance, bad mood, insomnia, fall in physical and intellectual performance, among others that hinder our day to day.
The risk of disease increases
A diet based on a single food or that prevents us from consuming, for example, fats of all kinds undoubtedly meets the characteristics of a miracle diet and puts us at risk of frequent diseases but that go unnoticed as the nutritional deficiencies.
The deficit of certain nutrients that constitutes a pathological condition by itself, can also increase the risk of suffering from other diseases such as: anemias, colds or infections because of an altered defense system.
Next to stress and poor quality diets that many times constitute the fashion proposals, we can not only suffer more infections or suffer from nutritional deficiencies but also have a higher risk of suffering osteoporosis as a study published in The Journal of Nutrition points out, and also, obesity, since more strokes are more likely to gain weight and to store fat in the abdominal region, as research in Germany concludes.
Increase the chances of getting fat in the long term
As we recently pointed out, the stress caused by miracle diets, together with altered eating behavior and reduced metabolism are the perfect combination for gaining weight after a miracle diet.
And as scientists in Stockholm point out, The more strict and restrictive a diet is, the more likely it is to regain weight lost and getting fat after your practice. Stress, altered eating behavior and metabolic changes caused by miracle diets increase your chances of getting fat in the long term
The changes that our hormonal system undergoes along with those that occur in the adipose tissue they are responsible for the increased risk of gaining weight after a miracle diet, because as explained in a study published in the International Journal of Obesity, adipocytes become better able to store fat and less efficient to oxidize the same, which is why it is very easy to gain weight.
All this allows us to deduce why Miracle diets are not advisable when losing weight, since they can not only severely affect current health but also future health and they are also not effective in losing weight in the long term.
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